Once the basic defenses are learned, it’s an instructor’s responsibility to constantly break down and rearrange the techniques into different combinations. At New York San Da, we usually arrange our drills into either “boxing” drills or “kickboxing” drills. Typical combinations we teach include;
(a) “four shields” drill (learning to get hit)
(b) parry vs. jab
(c) slip vs. jab
(d) parry vs. jab, parry vs. cross
(e) parry vs. jab, slip vs. cross
(f) parry vs. jab, shield vs. hook (double left)
(g) parry vs. jab, parry vs. cross, shield vs. hook
(h) parry vs. jab, shield vs. hook, parry vs. cross
(i) parry vs. jab, parry vs. cross, duck vs. hook
(j) parry vs. jab, parry vs. cross, shield vs. body hook
(k) parry vs. jab, shield vs. left hook, shield body shot x2
(a) parry vs. jab, leg block vs. right low kick
(b) parry vs. cross, knee block vs. left low kick
(c) parry vs. jab, shield vs. right body kick (single or double elbow)
(d) parry vs. cross, shield vs. left body kick (single or double elbow)
(e) “hard style” cross block vs. round kick (body)
(f) “soft style” cross block vs. round kick (kick catch)
(g) low parry vs. foot jab/thrust kick/side kick
(h) uppercut catch vs. foot jab
Parrying, shielding, slipping and ducking will progressively lead to clinching and/or “shooting” (takedowns involving seizing the legs). In particular, the shielding drills lead well into both neck and body clinching and these methods are extremely functional methods of defending against a better striker.
However, I believe equally in the importance of footwork as a form of defense. Be careful not to stress clinching to the exclusion of evasive footwork. Evasive footwork is also an excellent defense against those trying to clinch.
* ESSENTIAL RULES FOR DEFENSIVE FOOTWORK
– Never move backward in a straight line, use lateral movement
– Do not “run away”, stay in range to counter
– Move to your right against an orthodox fighter
– Move to your left against a “south paw”
Let’s examine the most basic boxing drill; parry vs. jab.
First, make sure the structure is correct. Both students have to be in the correct stance, the correct execution of the jab, the correct execution of the block, etc.
Second, the drill must be done with movement; you don’t fight standing still so don’t drill that way.
Third, even though this is a partner drill there is impact; the punch is thrown to actually connect and is actually blocked.
Fourth, all the basic drills will eventually be practiced with appropriate counters so that the students are used to the resistance (counter attack) of a real opponent.
Fifth, introduce every drill within context. Explain both why the technique is used and when it is used.
It is important to understand that all drills have “two sides”. Doing parry vs. jab isn’t just about defense. Every jab needs to be thrown correctly, i.e. you are practicing your jab as well. Of course, drills are not sparring and there is NO EGO. Never injure your partner doing drills.
NOW GO TRAIN!