In Chinese martial arts, “striking” can be used to refer to a variety of methods including punching, palming, elbowing and butting. In Lion’s Roar San Da, the striking techniques we used may differ from Western boxing or Muay Thai because we take into consideration grappling strategies as well. These basic elements must be considered in striking;
Distance is a key element in striking. Depending upon your strengths, you either want to maintain distance or close the gap. Distance is frequently misunderstood or not even considered by many fighters. Teaching distance means teaching body awareness. You have to instinctively know how long their arms and legs are and how to identify the proper distance while in a match.
Steering is keeping your opponent in front of you. It is also trying to steer your opponent into your power side. A superior fighter can use steering to create an opportunity where they can hit and not be hit back. Steering is about POSITION.
Controlling level has two aspects. The first is controlling the level of the opposition. Keep the opponent upright so you can strike the best targets and to prevent shooting. The second aspect is using your own changes in level as a psychological weapon.
– Straight punches (穿拳): Jab
The jab is a straight punch delivered with the lead hand. The punch is extended forward, keeping the elbow in and turning both the shoulder and hip into the punch. The arm should remain relaxed and you should be careful not to hyper extend the elbow joint. Return your punch by dropping your elbow back to the side of your ribs and returning the fist to a position in front of the face.
– Hook punches (角搥): hook
The hook is deceptive, adjustable and powerful; making it one of the most effective punches. It can be delivered at all ranges. It has the power to end any fight immediately when used properly. The lead hook is delivered by raising the elbow until the fist and elbow are in a straight line and the forearm is parallel to the floor. The fist can be held either with the thumb facing you or upward toward the ceiling. The punch is completed by turning both the lead hip and lead shoulder into the punch.
– Overhand punches (扱搥): overhand
The overhand is related to the cross. However, unlike the cross, the hand travels over the shoulder and descends downward. The motion is similar in some respects to throwing a ball. The overhand is a power shot.